How to reduce water retention

Siski Green / 22 September 2015

Reduce water retention to help alleviate symptoms such as a bloated belly, swollen ankles and puffy fingers.



A puffy face and an ill-fitting ring can often be signs that for one reason or another your body is retaining excess water. Thankfully there are ways to help your body avoid storing that water and also help it flush it out if you’re already bloated.

Drink more water 

This might sound counterintuitive but water retention is a result of your body’s attempt to keep you hydrated.

Your liver uses water to convert fat you’ve ingested into energy. When you’re dehydrated your kidneys can’t cope with the highly concentrated fluid that they need to clean up, removing toxins and other substances, and so they pass on the work to your liver.

As your liver is busy helping the kidneys, it doesn’t do its main job as effectively resulting in less fluid being flushed out of your body. What’s more, your body retains liquid to reuse too.

So how much water do you need to drink? Find out here

Eat fruit and vegetables to reduce the swelling

Try celery or cabbage too – they are natural diuretics so should help remove the excess fluid that’s causing your puffiness. Bananas, which contain potassium, are also useful as potassium is used in eliminating fluid from the body.

Find out more about potassium's role in your body

Eat protein

This naturally aids the body in removing fluid, but avoid a carbohydrate-rich diet which does the opposite.

So try to steer clear of pasta, white rice and bread, and instead go for fish and lean meat, as well as plenty of liquid-heavy fruit and vegetables.

Carbohydrates: the case for and against

Avoid salty foods

That obviously includes the usual culprits such as crisps and pretzel sticks, but also some other foods that might surprise you - bread, salad dressing, olives, soya sauce, sausages and other processed meats, and many types of cheese (cottage cheese, Cheddar, for example) are all high in salt.

Salt holds water in your body which is useful when you’re sweating a lot but if you eat too much of it, you’ll end up bloated.

Salt fault: our diet expert takes a good look at what salt does to your weight

Exercise

While exercise might trigger swelling when you first start doing it regularly, the fitter you are, the less you should experiencing swelling as the body becomes more efficient at pumping blood around your body.

Exercise: 10 ways to get fit without going to the gym

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