Don't just bin your living Christmas tree after Christmas. There are lots of ways of recycling it to be used as compost, create wildlife habitats or warm your home in winter.
How to recycle your old Christmas tree if you don’t have a garden
If you're trying to get rid of a real Christmas tree and live in a flat you should first check your local council’s website to see if they are running a collect and recycle scheme, which usually asks residents to leave their trees outside on a particular day. The trees are then shredded to make chippings to use as a mulch in municipal gardens and parks.
If the council isn’t collecting, take your tree to your local domestic waste recycling centre – wrap it in a dust sheet or plastic, to minimise the needles scattered in your car.
If it's difficult for you to transport your tree you can also check your parish magazine, local newsletter, local Facebook groups or village notice board – often Scout or Girl Guide groups and other fundraisers will collect and recycle your tree for a donation.
Check with local zoos to see if they might want them. Lions are attracted to the smell of Christmas trees like cats are attracted to catnip so many zoos will accept donated Christmas trees for enclosure enrichment, as seen in the below video from Linton Zoo in Cambridgeshire.
Recycling in the council's garden waste collection
Already subscribe to your council’s garden waste collection scheme? (Typically a specific garden-waste wheelie bin or green bag system.) Chop up the tree and leave it out with your garden waste. Take the tree outside and snip off all the branches – use secateurs or loppers depending on how big the tree is. Snip them down further into manageable lengths if necessary.
Using your old Christmas tree in the garden
Snip off the branches to use as a mulch. They take a long time to decompose so are ideal for mulching to preserve moisture and suppress weeds. What's more, they also provide an excellent habitat for insects to overwinter.
Once the brances have been sawn off you could leave the trunk intact and use it to prop up a section of collapsing fence, or to plug a gap in the fence or hedge.
Alternatively you could cut the trunk into sections (about 2" thick) and line them up side by side, half buried in the ground, as edging on your flower bed.
These same discs of trunk could also be used as pot feet to keep containers off the ground, preventing them getting too wet.
Bigger branches can be cut from the trunk and used to cover tender plants, protecting them from frost during the worst of the winter, and then placed out of the way to decompose when winter has passed.
Creating wildlife habitats
Old Christmas trees can be used to make excellent wildlife habitats in your garden.
Tuck some of the snipped-off branches along the base of the hedge, if you have one. They’ll eventually rot down but in the meantime can provide shelter for small creatures and insects.
Tie some of the twiggy branches together to create small habitats for insects and other invertebrates and put them in out-of-the-way corners where they won’t get disturbed.
Saw up the trunk and stack the logs to make a logpile habitat for insects and amphibians such as toads, frogs and newts.
Use the logs to make an insect hotel. You’ll need a wooden box (not plastic – condensation can make the contents too wet). Cut the logs to fit the depth of the box. Drill a few holes in the cut surfaces to attract solitary bees. Pack the gaps between the logs with narrower stems and twigs – hollow elder twigs, old sunflower stems and Jerusalem artichoke stems are ideal.
How to use your old Christmas tree for fire wood
Burn the twiggy pine-needle branches you’ve snipped off as kindling to get the fire going – not recommended on an open fire as they spit.
Saw up the trunk and leave the logs to dry out and season – at least a couple of months, or until next winter – before burning them.
If you have a potted tree you can plant the tree outside or keep it next year.
Read our guide to caring for potted living Christmas trees