Italian cuisine appeals to most people, perhaps because Italians pride themselves on the simplicity of their food, relying on the intense flavours of quality produce, rather than complicated recipes.
Dishes here are creative, like the locals themselves, with a few must-try items that come from one of the oldest civilisations in the world.
From fish and shellfish to pasta, cheese, espresso and sweet delights, you will not be short of culinary choice on trips to the city, countryside or coastline in Italy.
Pizza from Naples
Traditional Italian Napoleon pizza with tomatoes and mozzerella.
The home of pizza is Naples, and the best pizza is found there, but anywhere you eat pizza in Italy will still be the best version you can try.
The pizzas are generally baked in wood or coal fired ovens and the crust is the traditional hand-tossed thin style.
Top tip: Peperoni in Italy is not pepperoni, the hot spicy sausage meat popular on pizzas in the UK – in Italy, peperoni means red and yellow bell peppers. If you love pepperoni pizza, look for salami on the list of ingredients.
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Authentic Italian mushroom risotto
Originating from the north of Italy, risotto is a short-grain rice dish cooked in a broth that usually contains a generous helping of butter and wine.
The best thing about risotto is how versatile this dish is; the Italians make the most of the hearty rice base by throwing it together with vegetables, meat, poultry, seafood, beans and cheese.
Top tip: Try the cuttlefish/squid ink risotto. This unusual dish is made with the ink of a cuttlefish or a squid, boasts a very dark (almost black) colour, and has the distinct flavour of the sea. If you’re a seafood lover, this should be top of your holiday treat list.
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Gelato in Italy
Traditional Italian gelato
Regardless of what time of year you go, it’s imperative that you try gelato.
Contrary to popular opinion, gelato actually has less fat than ice cream, and also has less air inside as it is churned at a much slower rate, creating that dense, rich texture.
Gelato comes in every flavour you could think of, from strawberry, chocolate and lemon to orange and carrot, so it’s a great dessert if you’re out with a group.
Top tip: If you get a chance, try olive oil gelato. It may sound strange but the earthy, slightly spiced flavour of the olive oil makes for a very refreshing treat – you feel as though it’s the taste of Italy itself!
Authentic pasta dishes
Traditional Italian Pasta Carbonara with egg, pancetta and Parmesan
Authentic homemade pasta is a universal favourite and two of the most iconic Italian pasta dishes are bolognese and creamy carbonara, topped off with some tempting parmigiano-reggiano (parmesan) cheese.
In the UK, carbonara tends to consist of pasta with a white sauce and bacon; the real Italian dish meanwhile is made with eggs, cream and usually pancetta, a dry cured meat that generally comes in thick diced cubes rather than the paper thin slices you get in the supermarkets here.
Bolognese originated in Bologna and it is not actually served on spaghetti but tagliatelle, which is a wider, ribbon-type pasta.
The garlic-flavoured meat sauce is made with beef mince, but the Italians usually throw in a bit of pancetta for that extra smoky taste. Don’t expect any meatballs with this dish, as that was an American innovation from Italians who moved to New York.
Top tip: It has been much disputed where carbonara originated, but all evidence seems to point to Rome. Romans pride themselves on making the perfect carbonara and if you visit this city, it is worth trying their iconic pasta dish.
As for a bolognese, if you can try it in Bologna, that is the place to go, but anywhere in the north will know how to serve up this dish. Most importantly, remember not to order ‘spaghetti Bolognese’ on your holiday because it’s called tagliatelle al ragù in Italy!
Ribollita stew, a traditional thick Tuscan soup
A Tuscan stew that literally means ‘reboiled’, ribollita takes all the best things about minestrone soup and adds a hearty helping of leftover bread to soak up all the flavours.
Made with onion, cabbage, cannellini beans, kale and chard, it forgoes the pasta found in minestrone. Ribollita has humble origins and is the Italian way of making use of leftovers.
Top tip: This is the perfect fare if you’re touring Italy when the weather is a bit cooler in autumn or winter – it’s a peasant dish designed to warm you up.
Sweet cannoli, a traditional Sicilian dessert
Another dessert for our list, cannoli originates in Sicily. It is a tube like pastry that is deep fried and then filled with sweetened ricotta before being dusted with icing sugar.
Cannoli comes in different varieties, and confectioners can be very creative. Try some in a Sicilian pasticceria with a strong Italian coffee.
Top tip: Find cannoli dipped in pistachios, dried fruit, or with chocolate chips running through the ricotta cream.
So there you have it, some of our favourite Italian dishes and desserts to tempt your taste buds as you travel. Be sure to wash them down with one of the lovely red or white wines made at a local vineyard!
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Chianti reserve red wine
Stunning Tuscany shouldn't just be feted for its spectacular cuisine and climate, historic city gems such as Florence and Siena and jawdropping landscapes.
The gloriously - and perhaps surprisingly - varied Chianti wines of that eponymous Tuscan region can proudly boast a global fame all their own, and are always worthy of a full and thorough exploration when you visit the area.
Great names and vintages such as Nobile di Montepulciano, Vernaccia di san Gimignano and Chianti Classico don't just trip off the tongue, but rest playfully and memorably on the palate when you taste them in their home territory.
A trip to a Chianti winery is never merely one of those bus-them-in, bus-them-out jobs; visits to the very places where these great wines are produced are invariably imbued with all the pride and passion in their world-class produce that's so uniquely, splendidly Italian.
Top tip: When in Chianti... you simply must set aside some proper time for a leisurely tour of two of the region's superlative wineries.
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