1. Shop wisely
On average, UK families throw away a shocking £700 of perfectly good food every year – often because they’ve simply bought too much in the first place. The most-wasted fresh foods include fruit, milk, salad, bread and potatoes. Be mindful when you shop for items like these – do you really need a two-litre carton of milk? Can you eat two bags of salad before one of them goes off? It’s hard to beat the discipline of a good old-fashioned shopping list: plan ahead and then stick with the programme!
2. Use the internet
Employ the internet. Online shopping is a fantastic idea if you want to whittle down your waste, allowing you to select only what you need while steering clear of the seductions of the supermarket.
Related: how to save money on online grocery shopping
3. Store fresh food properly
Look after the fresh food you do buy. For example, the salads, herbs, carrots and parsnips sold in plastic wrapping at the supermarket are best kept in their packaging until you want to use them. Those packs are designed to keep them fresh for the maximum time.
4. Freeze your food
Make friends with your freezer – many things can be popped in there before they get a chance to deteriorate: bread (slice it first), raw fish and meat (including bacon), cheese and butter, prepared veg, berries, soups and sauces etc. etc…
Related: how long can you freeze food?
5. Don't be put off by use-by dates
Try not to be terrified by ‘use-by’ dates. So often, perfectly eatable food is chucked out simply because the date printed on the pack has passed. These dates are a good guide, but shouldn’t over-ride our common sense. Use your eyes and nose when assessing if something’s good to eat or not - and remember that thorough cooking makes almost everything safe.
6. Cook with leftovers
Learn to love your leftovers!! I can’t emphasise this one enough. Leftovers cooking isn’t just about making-do – in my experience, meals made from bits and pieces ferreted from the fridge are often the most satisfying and delicious of all. Stews, stir-fries, soups, frittatas, bubble-and-squeaks, fruit smoothies, frozen yoghurts… all can be quite delectable. You’ll find loads of ideas in my book, Love Your Leftovers.
Recipe: Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall's arancini, made from leftover risotto
7. Cook in bulk
Cook too much (sometimes!). With certain dishes, deliberately making more than you need is actually a good way to avoid waste. When you’re cooking curries, casseroles, pasta sauces or soups – the kind of things that freeze well – double or even triple the quantities. The excess can then be chilled or frozen for a future meal, saving you time and trouble and cutting down on further potentially waste-creating shopping trips!
8. Think outside the box
Think outside the box. Consider novel uses for everyday ingredients and you need throw nothing away. Lettuce is great in a stir-fry, for instance. Hummus can thicken soups. Cornflakes and rice crispies make fabulous flapjacks. Even trimmings can be tremendous: potato, parsnip and carrot peelings make delicious vegetable crisps when oiled, seasoned and baked in the oven.
Recipe: Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall's potato cakes, made from leftover mashed potato
9. Survey your storecupboard
Every so often, take a good hard look in there and identify stuff you’re unlikely to use (be honest!). Unused dry goods that are still in date – tins or packets of soup, canned veg, packets of biscuits, bags of rice, cereal, longlife milk etc. - can be donated to your local food bank. See trusselltrust.org.
10. Petition the supermarkets
Call the supermarkets to account. There’s no doubt that our big retailers have a huge waste footprint, often ordering more than they can sell so that their shelves are always temptingly full. As long as we consumers are doing our bit at home, we are well within our rights to demand that retailers change their wasteful ways too. You can sign up to my campaign against supermarket waste at wastenotuk.com.
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